The Beijing Winter Olympics are in full swing. Projects with high risk factors such as alpine skiing are not only a test for athletes, but also a test for medical security work.
If there is an accident on the field, how to treat the injured athlete as soon as possible? On February 9, Huang Keying, deputy secretary of the Yanqing District Committee of Beijing, said at a press conference that in terms of the treatment of athletes, the Alpine Ski Center has set up 4 medical stations for athletes and 2 medical stations for spectators for the most risky alpine skiing event. , and 20 FOP medical stations (track medical stations). At the same time, 8 ambulance teams and 2 helicopters were arranged to participate in the rescue. The entire medical team includes 180 foreign ski doctors, domestic ski doctors, and medical station personnel. At present, the Winter Olympics Medical Security Center has provided medical services for 121 Olympic-related personnel, including 7 athletes.
Safety is the bottom line that must be adhered to in major sporting events. During the preparation and holding of the Winter Olympics and the Winter Paralympic Games, we will actively implement the requirements of “safe” competition, and on the premise of strictly implementing various epidemic prevention and control measures, fully consider and protect the personnel participating in the Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympic Games. Safety, venue facility safety, event logistics support system and related support system safety, comprehensively do a good job in safety planning, formulate safety management plans and emergency plans, and make full use of modern scientific and technological means to monitor the safety of every link of the Winter Olympics, highlighting the importance of our country. The ability to organize sports events shows the soft power of my country’s sports, and make it a “simple, safe and exciting” Winter Olympics.
Olympic-related personnel are vaccinated throughout the course, daily nucleic acid testing, closed-loop management to prevent the spread of the epidemic… Strict epidemic prevention and control to build a safety barrier for the Winter Olympics and the Winter Paralympics
“Safety is the top priority in running the Winter Olympics. When it comes to safety, the biggest challenge we face is the prevention and control of the new crown pneumonia epidemic. Therefore, without epidemic prevention and safety, the Olympics will not be successfully held.” Not long ago, Beijing Zhao Weidong, a spokesman for the Winter Olympics Organizing Committee, said.
The new crown pneumonia epidemic continues to spread around the world, becoming one of the biggest security threats in the world today. In order to build an all-round epidemic prevention barrier for the Beijing Winter Olympics, the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee and the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee have successively released the first and second editions of the “Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympic Games Epidemic Prevention”. The Handbook (hereinafter referred to as the “Epidemic Prevention Handbook”) clarifies the six general principles of epidemic prevention: “simplification of competitions, vaccination, closed-loop management, effective disposal, integration of prevention and control, and overall consideration”.
“In the past two years, we have comprehensively researched and judged potential risks, formulated a unified response plan and emergency plan for each competition area, and simplified the number of non-essential links, activities and personnel to minimize the risk of the epidemic.” Zhao Weidong said.
Beijing, a mega city, has a population of more than 20 million; during the Beijing Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympics, the number of inbound arrivals is expected to exceed 25,000. In the face of the enthusiasm of the international community for the Winter Olympics, how to ensure that the Olympic-related personnel and the social side are strictly separated to prevent the spillover of the epidemic? The answer is “closed loop management”.
According to the second edition of the “Epidemic Prevention Manual”, in addition to medical exemptions, all Olympic-related personnel must complete the full-course vaccination against the new crown at least 14 days before coming to China. Those who have not been vaccinated or have not completed the full-course vaccination will be subject to 21-day centralized isolation and observation. From entry to departure, a closed-loop management policy of the whole process, full closure, and point-to-point is implemented.
“In the closed-loop, everyone needs to undergo daily health monitoring and nucleic acid testing, stay in hotels or Winter Olympics villages in the closed-loop, and only travel to and from designated closed-loop venues in special vehicles for the Winter Olympics. Contact with people outside the closed-loop, let alone with Social contact.” Han Zirong, the full-time vice-chairman and secretary-general of the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee, introduced.
The reporter learned that the vehicles operating in the closed loop are also closed and managed, including the special high-speed rail trains, which have specific protection requirements, and do not contact people outside the loop throughout the process. In addition to personnel, the transfer of goods is also the focus of epidemic prevention. The closed-loop and inside and outside of the venue will be managed by hard isolation, and the transfer of goods from the closed-loop to the closed-loop will be realized through the buffer zone. The garbage will also be strictly controlled.
What should I do if there is an infection and a case during the Winter Olympics? Huang Chun, deputy director of the Epidemic Prevention and Control Office of the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee, said that the Winter Olympics were held under the epidemic, and it is possible for infected people or local small-scale clusters to occur, but the organizing committee has already done There are many sets of contingency plans to deal with emergencies. “If there is a positive case of the new coronavirus infection, for the asymptomatic infection, the infected person will be sent to the special isolation facility area, that is, the isolation facility area specially set up for the asymptomatic infected person in the three competition areas; if there is a confirmed case, It will be sent to the designated designated hospital.”
Epidemic prevention measures are strict, but the temperature is not lost. In the large closed-loop area, athletes can still freely flow between the station, the venue, the venues, and the three competition areas through dedicated transportation. Considering that athletes stay in the Winter Olympic Village for the longest time, the design of the three Winter Olympic Villages in Beijing, Yanqing and Zhangjiakou reflects humanistic care everywhere. The Winter Olympic Village canteen offers a total of 678 dishes from all over the world, allowing athletes and athletes to taste global cuisine without leaving the village. Since the Winter Olympics coincided with the Spring Festival, a traditional Chinese festival, the menu also included special dishes such as “spring rolls”, adding a “new year flavor” to the Winter Olympics. Cafes, gyms and other facilities provide athletes with a good exercise environment and space for leisure and entertainment. Green plants and warm music can be seen everywhere, which can relieve emotions and soothe the soul.
“In addition, for the four front-line service scenarios of accommodation, catering, waste removal, and guidance in the Winter Olympics Village, we actively explore a warm protection model. Combined with the official graphics colors and job functions of the Winter Olympics, we have designed a lightweight design for service support personnel during the competition. , beautiful, easy to put on and take off, and work clothes with daily protective functions.” Ma Boyang, director of the general division of the Olympic Village Department of the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee and secretary-general of the venue operation team of the Beijing Winter Olympic Village (Winter Paralympic Village), introduced.
China is determined to hold the Olympics safely. “Because of the development of this (closed-loop) system, the exposure of the Chinese people to the virus has been minimized,” said Yanzhong Huang, a senior fellow in global health at the American Institute of Foreign Affairs.
“I believe that given the information we have, the Winter Olympics epidemic prevention measures are very strict and very strong,” said Michael Ryan, executive director of the WHO’s Health Emergencies Programme.
According to Brazilian athlete Nicole Silvera, the epidemic prevention and testing measures at Beijing Airport are very fast and convenient. After getting off the plane, he boarded the bus to the Winter Olympic Village soon. “Despite some restrictions on the movement of athletes due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the Winter Olympics staff have done the best they can.”
Venue facilities and operations, meteorological services, medical rescue… Carefully prepare for the event-related services to ensure the safety of the event
Walking into the Yunding Ski Park in the Zhangjiakou competition area of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics, you can see that next to the Winter Olympics track, there are snow-white wind-proof nets spread out between the snow-white towers, with the brightly painted Winter Olympics emblem on them, becoming Yunding Ski A view of the park.
The snow events of the previous Winter Olympics were more or less plagued by strong winds. Strong winds not only affect the athlete’s technical movements, but may also endanger the athlete’s safety. For the safety of the game, wind protection is indispensable.
“In order to ensure the safety of the athletes of the Beijing Winter Olympics, we set up windproof nets for the first time in the U-shaped field and the aerial skill field,” said Chen Rongqin, deputy manager of the competition venue facilities at Genting Ski Park.
The reporter learned that the windproof net installed in Yunding Ski Park is equipped with anti-ultraviolet materials, which can guarantee the mechanical properties at minus 30 degrees Celsius, and has good flame retardancy. The windproof net is easy to store under the anti-low temperature power control system, and the system can Wind speeds over 10 m/s in the movement space are reduced to 3.5 m/s. Previously, the windbreak nets used in the Winter Olympics were designed and produced by international professional organizations, while the windbreak nets of Yunding Ski Park were developed by a local scientific research team in Hebei, and passed the quality inspection of the International Snow Federation. meet professional requirements.
The safety guarantee of ice and snow events involves many aspects such as venue facilities and operations, meteorological services, medical rescue, etc., and preparations for event-related service guarantees must be carefully prepared to ensure the safety of the competition.
The National Alpine Ski Center, located in the Yanqing Division of the Beijing Winter Olympics, is one of the most difficult competition venues in the world. The starting point of the longest downhill track is 2179 meters above sea level, with a drop of about 900 meters and a total length of about 3 kilometers. The average slope exceeds 30%, and the maximum slope is close to 70%… During the Beijing Winter Olympics, athletes from all over the world are “creating domestic snow”. The greatest gap between the Taoists” is here to compete on the same stage.
Along with a strong sense of speed and admiration comes danger. When the athlete rushes down from the top of the mountain, once the technical movements are not in place, a competition accident may occur and personal injury may occur.
As early as 2018, the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee started the formation and training of ski doctors, and carried out intensive training on skiing skills in accordance with the principles of the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee, the responsibility of the local health and health committee, and the organization and implementation of designated hospitals. In February 2019, the “Winter Olympics Skiing Medical Support Dream Team” composed of 72 medical staff from Beijing and Hebei was formally established to undertake the medical rescue and security work for the ski resorts and tracks during the Beijing Winter Olympics.
In order to ensure the safety of athletes and carry out snow rescue in a timely manner, the Mountain Operation Support Team of the National Alpine Ski Center has established China’s first snow sports rescue team recognized by the International Snow Federation – the Alpine Rescue Team.
“The alpine rescue team currently has more than 40 Chinese and foreign rescuers.” Hui Shiqiao, media director of the National Alpine Skiing Center, told reporters that once an athlete falls on the track, the rescue team and ski doctor at the nearest location will immediately arrive at the scene. , According to the judgment of the ski doctor, the rescue team carried out corresponding emergency treatment to the wounded.
The reason for the establishment of an alpine rescue team is mainly because the ski doctors equipped at each rescue point are relatively weak on snow, making it more or less inconvenient to operate on a steep and smooth track, and high-precision rescue becomes even more difficult. difficulty. The alpine rescue team cooperated with ski doctors to do medical rescue to ensure the safety of athletes.
“It is the most honorable thing in my life to stand on the snow track to ensure the safety of everyone,” said Gao Yu, captain of the mountain rescue team.
Compared with the Summer Olympics, the Winter Olympics are more dependent on meteorological conditions, and meteorological factors also directly affect the smooth progress of related events. Wind, wind speed, temperature, snowfall, snow temperature, snow quality, visibility, etc., are all related to the safety of athletes and the performance of the competition.
Sophisticated monitoring is the foundation. At present, my country has built more than 50 sets of track weather stations in the core competition area, plus a number of various weather radars, forming a “three-dimensional, second-level, multi-element” monitoring network. During the competition, the equipment support personnel will routinely maintain the observation equipment every day; in the event of extreme weather, emergency maintenance of the equipment is also required. In terms of forecasting, the Meteorological Department has built the China Meteorological Administration’s Beijing Rapid Update Cyclic Numerical Forecast System with a resolution of 500 meters in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, and a resolution of 100 meters in the core area of the Winter Olympics Mountain Arena, which is rapidly updated every 10 minutes. “level, minute-level” precise forecasting capabilities, effectively improving the forecast accuracy of the Winter Olympics.
Sort out potential risks, improve response plans, and work together to protect the “Safe Winter Olympics”
“Comprehensively sort out hidden risks, formulate and improve response plans and emergency plans, and properly deal with various risks and challenges. Only ‘safe’ can ensure the minimum guarantee for the realization of ‘wonderful’.” Zhao Weidong said.
The safety and security of the Beijing Winter Olympics is very important. The Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau formulated various plans in advance, strictly implemented measures such as safety supervision, security inspection, and traffic guarantee, and guided the security teams of all venues to improve their internal security levels. Safe and smooth progress lays a solid foundation.
Shougang Ski Jumping Platform is located on the bank of Qunming Lake in Shougang Park, Shijingshan District. As the security manager of the Shougang Ski Jumping Platform, Feng Tao, the “Old Security”, walks here every day before the competition to conduct safety inspections.
“In June 2021, the infrastructure construction of the ski jumping platform will be completed, and the construction of temporary facilities will begin, involving a series of construction and construction of security work. In order to ensure that the location and specifications of the construction meet the previous plans and standards, it is necessary to repeatedly conduct on-the-spot investigations to understand the situation.” Feng Tao told reporters, “The 2.7-kilometer closed line makes a lap almost every day, and the concentrated area where temporary facilities are built must be seen sooner or later. The daily walk is 10,000 steps, and the maximum is 30,000 steps.”
Security is not limited to the inside of the venue. The Baiqi Checkpoint of Nanshanyao, Chongli District, Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province is adjacent to Provincial Highway 242, entering Chongli from the north, which is a must pass.
“About 580 vehicles enter Chongli District from here every day.” The head of the Baiqi checkpoint told reporters, “We are on duty 24 hours a day, 4 shifts a day, 12 people are on duty at the same time, and we are equipped with advanced security inspection and control. equipment, and strictly control the quality.”
Driving in the core area of the Chongli Prince City Winter Olympics, signs of “Beware of Fire Prevention” can be seen everywhere. The safety of the Winter Olympics involves many aspects such as fire prevention, accident prevention, and emergency response. Adhering to the bottom line of safety, it is necessary to improve risk prevention measures such as fire prevention and accident prevention, and strengthen emergency drills to ensure that everything is safe.
Chongli District regards forest and grassland fire prevention as the most important and critical safety bottom line to implement the requirements of “simple, safe and exciting” competition. Focusing on the core area of the Winter Olympics, strengthen the “eyes” and “brains” of the forest and grassland fire prevention system. Construction, with the power of science and technology to provide intelligent protection for the safety of forests and grasslands. At present, 73 forest fire prevention video monitoring points have been built in the whole district, and the forest fire prevention video monitoring coverage rate has reached 95%.
“The forest fire video monitoring point has the functions of intelligent fire identification and ultra-high-definition field monitoring, and can automatically identify and alarm the fire within 1 square meter within the monitoring range. Yang Guojun, deputy director of the Office of Forest and Grassland Fire Control Headquarters in Chongli District, introduced.
At the same time, the Hebei Winter Olympics fire safety class entered the competition area for the first time, and has carried out more than 150 actual combat drills and completed 15 comprehensive fire-fighting and rescue drills with all elements. The construction of all public fire-fighting facilities such as fire brigade stations, vehicle equipment, fire-fighting water sources and fire-fighting communications in the competition area has been completed, reaching the domestic first-class standards.